The phenomenon of migration and movement of people from village to city, from city to city and from country to country has existed for centuries. In recent decades, the growth of new technologies and the development of communities based on it; The outbreak of wars and conflicts in and between countries, natural disasters and climate change have caused these migrations to intensify and some call the new era the era of migration. Globalization of migration, acceleration of migration and acceleration of migration, segregation and differentiation of migration, feminization of migration and immigration policies are the five main features of the migration era. Today, immigration is a major policy and governance issue for both countries, both nationally and internationally.
This issue is doubly important for Iran. On the other hand, the presence of a large number of immigrants and refugees from neighboring countries such as Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan and… has been and is; On the other hand, it has faced student, job and forced migration from the country for economic, cultural, environmental and political reasons. For these reasons, immigration in Iran has become a priority policy issue. Policymakers in Iran face issues such as the situation of Afghan refugees, the growing desire to migrate, inconsistent and inadequate data, and the emigration of elites. As a migrant country, Iran must be able to manage migration in order to prevent the unplanned departure of elites and, on the other hand, to be able to exploit the knowledge, skills, communications and wealth of Iranian immigrants. On the other hand, as an immigrant country and the presence of a large number of asylum seekers, it should work to reduce the costs of immigrants and plan and policy in order to benefit the most from the arrival of immigrants.
Policy-making in complex social areas such as immigration, especially for countries such as Iran, which do not have active experience in this field and have usually adopted their operational plans based on the requirements and coercion of other external components (such as dealing with floods of refugees Iraqi or Afghan, or facing an increase in unplanned student migration abroad), requires intelligence and the successful experiences of other countries or international institutions.
The main focus of the Iranian Immigration Observatory is to assist policymakers and officials in developing immigration governance in the country. The Observatory intends to address the various dimensions of immigration governance in three critical areas of immigration policy in Iran, including economic and economic migration, forced migration and asylum, and relocation. Examine student mobility & return migration and provide sound policy strategies.